Loans may be an eligible use of the Pandemic Recovery Funds, provided they are for an eligible use category. Additionally, there are special rules about how recipients should track program income depending on the length of the loan.
-When Pandemic Recovery Funds are used as the principal for loans, there is an expectation that a significant share of the loaned funds will be repaid. Thus, recipients may not simply consider the full amount of loaned funds to be permanently expended and must appropriately account for the return of loaned funds.
-For loans that mature or are forgiven on or before December 31, 2026, the recipient must account for the use of funds on a cash flow basis, consistent with Treasury’s guidance regarding loans made by recipients using payments from the Coronavirus Relief Fund. Recipients may use Pandemic Recovery Funds to fund the principal of the loan and in that case must track repayment of principal and interest (i.e., “program income,” as defined under 2 CFR 200). When the loan is made, recipients must report the principal of the loan as an expense.
-Repayment of principal may be re-used only for eligible uses and is subject to restrictions on the timing of the use of funds. Interest payments received prior to the end of the period of performance will be considered an addition to the total award and may be used for any purpose that is an eligible use of funds under the statute and final rule. Recipients are not subject to restrictions under 2 CFR 200.307(e)(1) with respect to such payments.
-For loans with maturities longer than December 31, 2026, the recipient must estimate the cost to the recipient of extending the loan over the life of the loan. In other words, at origination, the recipient must measure the projected cost of the loan and may use Pandemic Recovery Funds for the projected cost of the loan. Recipients have two options for estimating this amount: they may estimate the subsidy cost (i.e., net present value of estimated cash flows) or the discounted cash flow under current expected credit losses (i.e., CECL method).